methods of modifying criminal behaviour - restorative justice (describe)

  • Created by: Abi Crew
  • Created on: 18-05-22 17:54
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  • methods of modifying criminal behaviour - restorative justice
    • incorporates the victim as part of the offender's rehabilitation
      • Not only is this a potentially powerful tool for the offender's rehab, it can also be beneficial for the victim in reconciling trauma
        • treatments still focus on the offender in isolation, meaning that the victim's role is often overlooked
    • a key method of RJ is for the offender to communicate with their victim, either through writing or face to face
    • emerged over the last 25 years
      • developed as an alternative to traditional methods of punishment
        • often used either in conjunction or as a substitute for traditional punishment such as prison time
    • aims
      • 1) to restore relations between offender, victim and community
        • improve the experience of the victim and repair harm
      • 2) for the offenders to develop empathy and reduce the risk of reoffending
        • meaningful communication in a controlled environment
    • offender must have admitted to the crime and both parties must be willing to participate
      • sometimes face to face meetings are not appropriate (trauma, anger from violent crime)
    • 6 main principles - RJC (2015)
      • 1) restoration
      • 2) voluntarism
      • 3) neutrality
      • 4) safety
      • 5) accessibility
      • 6) respect


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