Muscular Dystrophy P1

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  • Muscular Dystrophy
    • Age range
      • A group of diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass
        • Genes are mutated and interfere with making proteins needed for muscles
      • The most common starting age is in childhood (and mostly in boys)
      • There are some adults who do develop muscular dystrophy
      • Occurs in all ages, sexes, and races
      • Genetics can play a factor in developing muscualr dystrophy
    • Treatments
      • There is no cure for muscular dystrophy but there are medications and therapies that can manage symptoms and slow the course of the diesase
      • Mobility and breathing assistance
        • Low - impact exercise (swimming)
        • Physiotherapy - maintaining muscle strength and preserving flexibility and preventing stiff joints
        • Physical aids - wheelchair, leg braces, or crutches
        • Occupational therapy -maximise and improve independence by using different techniques and providing assistive equipment
        • Machines may be needed to assist breathing
          • Whilst sleeping - mainly
      • Steroid medication
        • Corticosteroids medicine (steroids) has shown to improve muscle strength and function for 6 months to 2 years
        • Available in tablet or liquid form in a daily dosage
      • Ataluren
        • Used to treat thnose who can still walk
        • Comes in granules and mixed into liquids or semi-solid food and then swallowed
      • Creatine supplements
        • Improves muscle strength in some people with muscular dystrophy
        • Helps supply energy to muscle and nerve cells
    • Health and social care staff involved in care
      • Neuromuscular specialists
        • Rehabilitation providers
      • Nutritionists
      • Occupational therapists
      • Paediatrician
      • Cardiologist
      • Dentist
      • Developmental paediatrician
      • Genetic counsellor
      • Psychiatrist
      • Physiotherapist
      • Social Worker
      • Speech and language therapists
      • Care Coordinator


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