With info i found from a revision guide :)

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    • FORM
      • Sonnet, with a turning point at line 9 (Petrarchan sonnet)
      • Doesn't  follow regular sonnet rhyme scheme and iambic pentameter
        • Reflecting how human power and structure can be destroyed
      • Second hand account - distances the reader from dead king
      • Frames the poet as a story to make it clear narrator has only heard about it.
        • Emphasizes how unimportant Ozymandias is now.
          • Or is he? - He is still being talked about, something still remains. Poems are written about him.
    • IRONY
      • There is nothing left to show for the rulers boasting/his great civilization.
      • Ruined statue = symbol for the temporary nature of political power/human achievement.
      • Reflects Shelleys hatred of oppression and his belief it is possible to overturn social and political order.
      • "Two vast and trunkless legs of stone"
        • Emphasises the size and stature but also shows the statue is incomplete.
      • "Shatter'd visage lies"
        • Even a powerful human cant control the damaging effects of time.
      • "The hand that mock'd them and the heart that fed"
        • 'Mock' can mean to ridicule or likeness of something - was sculptor mocking Ozymandias?
      • Tells other rulers to "despair" because of size and grandeur of his "works"
        • But they should despair because power is temporary and unimportant like him
      • "The decay of that colossal wreck"
        • The ruined statue shows how human achievements are insignificant compare to the passing of time.
      • Narrator builds up image of statue by focusing on different parts
      • Poem ends by describing the enormous desert
        • Helps sum up insignificance of statue
        • "Nothing beside remains...The lone and levels sands stretch far away."
      • Poem focuses on power of Ozymandias, representing human power
        • However his power is lost and only visible due to the power of art.
        • Ultimately nature has     ruined the statue - nature and time have more power than anything else.
      • "Which yet survive, stamp'd on these lifeless things"
        • Having survive and lifeless on the same line hints at how art can outlast human power
          • But the ruined statue shows that ultimately art cannot immortalize power
      • Alliteration of 'lone and level' - emphasizes the feeling of empty space in the surrounding desert.
        • "Nothing beside remains...The lone and levels sands stretch far away."
      • Desert is vast, survives for longer than the broken statue, emphasizing insignificance of the statue/ Ozymandias
        • "Sneer of cold command"
          • The sculptor understood the arrogance of the ruler
        • "King of kings... ye Mighty and despair!"
          • Arrogant and powerful - challenged other rulers
        • The tyranny of the ruler is suggested through aggressive language
      • CONTEXT
        • Shelley was a romantic poet - believed in emotion rather than reason, focused on nature.
        • Disliked monarchies, absolute power and opresson
          • Radical views inspired by the French Revolution
        • Pride
        • Arrogance
        • Power
        • Time/memory
        • Nature
        • Identity


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