Participant observtion

  • Created by: Afnan1
  • Created on: 05-04-17 11:15
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  • Participant observation
    • Positivists
      • Prefer quantitative methods: social surveys, structured questionnaires and official statistics as these have good reliability and representative
        • large scale surveys= an overview of society as a whole and to uncover social trends
          • uses scientific approach
            • macro approach
              • value ffree- researcher should remain detached
      • Objective
    • Interpretivist
      • individuals are not just puppets who react to external social forces as Positivists believe.
        • Interpretivists argue that to understand human action need to achieve ‘Verstehen‘, or empathetic understanding – we need to see the world through the eyes of the actors doing the acting
          • prefer qualitative research as it allows close interaction w/respondents
            • greater validity
              • subjective
                • Small numbers of cases chosen for specific reasons
                  • micro-level  focusing on small scale face to face interactions


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