PD - Infancy and early childhood

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  • Gross and fine motor skills
    • Gross motor skills
      • Movements using large muscles in the body
        • Legs
        • Arms
        • Neck
        • Torso
      • Allow for children to control body movements made by the larger muscles
      • As soon as a baby is born gross motor skills start to develop
      • By 3
        • Able to use pedals to ride a tricycle
        • Run
        • Balance on one foot for 1 second
      • By 4
        • Able to kick and throw a large ball
      • By 5
        • Can hop using each foot separately
      • By 6/7
        • Able to skip
        • Able to ride a bicycle
      • By 8
        • Have good strength and body coordination
        • Able to take part in many sports and activities
    • Fine motor skills
      • The use of smaller muscles in the hands and feet
        • Fingers
        • Toes
      • Infancy
        • Stretching and kicking
        • Bringing hand to their mouths
        • Rolling
        • Crawling
        • Climbing
        • Walking
      • By 3
        • Able to control their movement enough to use a pencil to copy letters
        • Should be able to build a tower with cubes
      • By 5
        • Able to dress and undress themselves on their own
        • Able to tie their own shoe laces
        • Attempting to use buttons and pulling zips
      • By 8
        • Able to have good control of their smaller muscles
        • Able to draw detailed pictures
      • Allow for infants to pick things up using the fingers and thumb (pincer movement)
      • Involves coordination with the small muscles to work together
        • Needs small movements of muscles and eyes to guide movement


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