Post industrial britain

  • Created by: stackyboi
  • Created on: 01-05-18 16:45
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  • Post industrial Britain
    • Gender and changing status of women
      • Women expected to marry, procreate and be financially dependent on husbands, so education seemed pointless
      • Most professions refused female entry; could become teachers but with low wages and status
      • During the late 19th century, their role began to change. Less men meant less marriages, due to the war and emigration
      • Women eventually got the vote (1918) after suffragette movement
    • Law and Order
      • More refined laws and sense of order affected activities of the working class
      • Decline blood sports (**** fighting, animal baiting) due to changes in law
      • Upper classes still had fox hunting as the law makers were the middle/upper classes
    • Education and literacy
      • Upper class had little interest in cultural development of working classes
      • Effects of the revolutions in EU reinforced the need to control the masses-less educated
      • Most working class didn't want education, child labor was common practice.
      • More sophisticated sports requiring cognitive processing/ understanding of rules
      • Lower classes associated with public house activities and wagering on horses
      • Education act - 1870, national system of education
        • Act established elementary schools; more accessible to lower classes so the understanding of sophisticated rules in sport was more widespread, leading to further involvement
    • Availability of time and money
      • Factory owners encouraged the formation of work teams to keep them healthy and loyal
      • Leisure time was increased but working class still struggled due to lack of disposable income
      • growth of factories meant that hours were long and pay was poor
      • considerable growth of cities (urbanization)
      • More time for leisure, less time spent on work therefore more participated in sport
    • Influence of public schools
      • public schools were influential in developing rules and NBG's of sports activities
      • Initially only exclusive to upper class males; travel and tuition fees
      • At the start of the 19th century, organised sport wasn't featured in public schools
        • headmasters weren't in favor of sports (became main stream mid-19th century)
      • Early 19th century-prefect fagging system (parents angered so schools had to act)
      • Thomas Arnold promoted regular sports and developed house system which helped with competition
      • Development of inter/house-inter/school fixtures
      • Muscular Christianity- linked sport to being a moral christian gentleman
      • Athleticism- combination of physical endeavor and moral integrity
      • Pupils took their school games to Uni: need for a common set of rules
      • Fa formed in 1863 using Cambridge rules.
      • Ex-pupils came back to build sports facilities, become masters, create NBG's


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