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  • PoVA (Protection of Vulnerable Adults)
    • Features
      • Defines what is meant by 'vulnerable adult' (someone who may be an easy target for victimisation, neglect or abuse
      • Covers all types of abuse (physical, emotional, sexual, financial, neglect
      • Applies to all care workers (paid and unpaid)
      • Places a duty on employers to refer unsuitable adults to the PoVA
      • Employers must check suitability of care workers (DBS check and 2 references)
      • Provides a list of adults who are unfit to work with vulnerable adults
    • Weaknesses
      • Innocent people may be falsely accused
      • Sometimes suitable people may be prevented from getting jobs by their past
      • The list must be regularly updated, along with other additional paperwork and administrative tasks
      • Does not apply to self-employed or informal carers or people working in the NHS, private hospitals, clinics or other independent medical agencies
      • Some people may still slip through the net
      • Adults may be too scared to speak up about abuse
    • Strengths
      • Protects vulnerable adults from dangerous people
      • Gives service users and their families peace of mind and feeling of safety
      • The PoVA list is linked to children so unsuitable adults cannot work with children
      • Prevents unfit staff from getting care jobs
    • Effects of abuse on vulnerable adults
      • Low self-esteem
      • Deteriorating health
      • Afraid to seek help/afraid in general
      • Distrust of other practitioners
    • Who is classed as a vulnerable adult?
      • Older adults
      • People with physical or mental impairment
      • People with learning difficulties
      • The terminally ill
      • People in care homes
      • People with mental illness
    • Why vulnerable adults may not want to report abuse
      • Fear of victimisation
      • Do not know their rights
      • Feel as if they do not deserve help
      • Do not know who to go to
      • Do not trust anyone


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