problems with surgery

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  • Problems with surgery in the Middle Ages
    • Pain
      • no anaesthetics
        • so opium +hemlock were used to numb the pain
          • bad as overdoses of these substances were fatal-many did
      • sometime so bad that patients died of shock
    • Infection
      • many doctors believed puss in wounds helped patient recover
      • no understanding of germs so many patients died from infection
      • people saw dirty surgical equipment as a sign of experience
    • Blood Loss
      • surgeons cauterised wounds to minimise blood loss
        • done with a hot iron- very painfull


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