Relationship formation of all approaches

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  • relationship formation of all approaches.
    • biological
      • evolutionary theory proposes that relationships form with individuals with certain traits.
        • males look for  women who are fertile and healthy with 'birthing hips'
        • women look for men who can provide for them, and are fertile and healthy
        • parental investment theory of women wanting older men
      • neurotransmitters are a powerful effect on the human brain, dopamine is pleasure seeking so finding a partner can give us a 'hit'
    • psychodynamic
      • the phallic stage is important for tripartite
      • the Oedipus complex is resolved it makes healthy relationships
      • overindulgence in oral stage can lead to neediness in relationships
      • freud explained homosexuals make untrue relationships to hide sexuality.
      • forming relationships can bring unpleasant memories
      • maternal deprivation process on children - Bowlby
    • behaviourist
      • reinforcement and punishment can drive our behaviour for relationship - operant.
      • when we are not being in a relationship it can feel punishing. - operant
      • if someone gives us a compliment we often repeat behaviour to receive the same compliment -  operant.
      • we like people who are associated with good events.
      • association is key
    • cognitive
      • if we have positive memories and good sense of world is there we would be to driven to form new relations
      • the way we deem others can lead to different relations e.g dating.
      • self perception and perception of others
      • Dion et al showed physically attractive people are believed to have e good personalities
      • we may be interested in a person through a schema.
    • positive
      • seligman said a good life has a positive connection with others.
      • 43% of married people are very happy.
      • feelings of love and kindness are authentic.
      • we are socially programmed to want relationships
      • overall people feel happier when engaging in activities with a friend - Howell Et Al 2009.


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