Revision Notes:

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  • Revision Notes:
    • Bowles and Gintis
      • Correspondence Principle
      • Conducted their research in 1976
      • prevents revolution + rebellion
      • Use sanctions and rewards to reinforce compliance
      • Schools are deliberately boring and uncreative
      • Passive and docile workers
      • School creates a business like atmosphere
      • Organised to achieve the whims  of the upper classes
      • Education is not  meritocratic
    • Ball, Bowe and Gerwitz
      • 1988 Educational Reform
      • 'Market forces and Parental choices' - 1944
        • 'Parentocracy'
      • League tables - which compares exam results
        • Allows parents to choose where to send their children
          • Benefits m/c = parents know how to work the system
        • Schools have to compete with each other to improve positions
          • Better League position = Better funding
          • Middle tend to be picked for higher achieving schools
            • = Better Education than the working class
      • Schools under huge pressure = funding relies on pupil numbers
      • 'Cream Skinning'
        • Getting the best students to climb the league tables
      • Pupil Premium = funding for low income students
    • Bourdieu
      • symbolic elements such as skills, tastes, posture, clothing, mannerisms, material belongings, credentials,
        • Acquire through a specific social class
          • widens class divide
      • Education system rigged to benefit the middle class
        • Keeps middle class in power
          • Stay at the top of social strata and bosses of capitalism
        • Upper classes control education
      • Middle class children go on to own the means of production
        • Maintains Social Inequality and the class divide
      • Working class children are groomed to become the hands of production
      • Middle class culture is superior = established in school
        • Power Play


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