Ideological confrontation

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  • Ideological confrontation
    • Communism
      • Differences between US and USSR dated back to the 1917 Bolshevik revolution
        • Communist expansion in Asia
        • Soviet coordination and control of the wider communist movement
          • Actions in Europe
      • Some argue that conflict was inevitable because of the USSR's regimes
        • Marxist-Leninist doctrine of class struggle
        • Promotion of world communism
        • fundamental hostility towards the capitalist states
        • Soviet encouragement of left-wing dissent in non-communist countries
      • Orthadox historians said that their ideological stance let the USSR to become aggressively expansionist in order to undermine capitalism
        • This compelled the USA to adopt a policy of containment to prevent the spread of communsim
          • The truman doctrine/ the marshall plan/ the formation of NATO
    • Capitalism
      • America's post-war capitalist aims made conflict with the USSR inevitable
        • US intended to impose a 'Pax Americana' as a global peace settlement
          • Dollar imperialism was a perceived result of the marshall plan in Western Europe
        • USA was strongly anti communist
      • US attempted to force the USSR to accept an 'open-door' policy in Eastern Europe
        • US had a drive for markets after 1945
      • USA had the post-war confidence to shape the world according to American values
        • Us losses were only light
          • America had a nuclear monopoly until 1949


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