Roles and Functions of Political Parties

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  • Roles and Functions of Political Parties.
    • Shift ideas and organise opinion.
      • By taking on board ideas of individuals and aggregate and simplify them into a package of policies.
        • They can clarify the political process for the voter who is confronted with a choice of proposals, programmes and leaders
          • Voter can then choose the party that most resembles them.
    • They are a source of political knowledge.
      • Even for voters who lack any strong party ties, their ideas and outlook are likely to be influenced by information that parties offer and what different parties support.
    • They serve as a source of opposition.
      • Parties not in government provide explicit, organised opposition.
    • Political Recruitment.
      • Offer structure which individuals can channel their interests.
        • Campaigning.
      • Recruitment, selection and training of parliamentary candidates.
        • Campaigning.
    • Link between the individual and the political system.
      • People rely on various political parties to represent their concerns and demands.
        • Seen to be a stepping stone into getting your concerns heard.
    • Provide organisational structure.
      • Party Whips
        • Persuade members of the legislation to vote for their policies.


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