social learning theory

  • Created by: lilya1
  • Created on: 07-03-21 12:54
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  • social learning theory
    • main ideas
      • classical conditioning and operant conditoning
      • mediating processes between stimuli and responses
      • behaviour is learnt from environmental through observational learning
      • focuses on how cognitive factors are involved in learning
      • Bobo doll experiment
    • models
      • individuals that are observed are called models
      • influential models for children are - parents, family, tv characters, friends, teachers
      • models provide examples of behaviour to observe and imitate
      • children are more likely to imitate those they see similar to themselves
        • more likely to copy those of the same gender
    • reinforcement and punishment
      • imitation is responded to with wither reinforcement or punishment
      • reinforcement encourages the behaviour
      • reinforcement can be external or internal. positive or negative
      • vicarious reinforcement
        • child takes into account what happens to other people when deciding whether or not to copy someone else's actions
    • identification
      • motivation to identify with someone is them having a quality they wish to posses
      • model adopts observed behaviours, values, belieefs and attitudes of the person they are identifying with
      • different to imitation as it involves adopting a number of behaviours, where as imitation is often copying a single behaviour
    • mediational processes
      • people are active information processeors
      • mental factors mediate (intervene) in the learning process to determine if a new response is required
        • this happens between the stimulus and response
      • 1. attention - the extent to which we are exposed / notice behaviour
      • 2. retention - how well is behaviour remembered
      • 3. reproduction - the ability to perform the behaviour the model has just demonstrated
      • 4. motivation - the will to perform the behaviour
    • critical evaluation
      • doesn't adequately account for how we develop a range of behaviour
      • slt renamed as social cognitive theory as it is a better description of how we learn from social experiences
      • it is limiting to describe behaviour as solely nature or nurture
      • not a full explanation for behaviour
        • no role model to imitate
      • the discovery of mirror neurons give biological support


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