social psychological explanations of schizophrenia - describe

  • Created by: Abi Crew
  • Created on: 13-05-22 17:26
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  • social psychological explanations of schizophrenia
    • dysfunctional family
      • suggests that children who receive mixed messages/behavioural cues from family = more likely to develop schizophrenia
        • eg. parents who say they love a child whilst appearing angry or critical
      • dysfunction = anything that interferes with a healthy family's long-term functioning eg. a death or injury
      • lidtz et al. (1957) found 2 specific types of dysfunction to co-oberate this theory.
        • marital skew - 1 parent is far more dominant and has unmovable views on parenting
        • marital schism - cause of female schiz, overt conflict in front of child, competing for child's affection
      • read et al. (2005) found that 69% of adult women with schizophrenia had experienced physical, sexual abuse or both during childhood. 59% for men
    • expressed emotion
      • the quality of interaction between a schizophrenic and their caregivers
        • key factor in the outcome and reoccurrence of symptoms
      • 3 components of EE
        • hostility - others think they can get better and control the illlness, the patient is selfish for not getting better
        • over involvement - excessive self sacrifice due to parental guilt, patient dependence.
        • criticalness - exchanges between the sufferer and caregiver that encompass placing blame and burden
      • brown et al (2011) discharged sufferers faired worse than those still in care due to emotional over-involvement and criticalness that increased relapse rates
      • butzlaff (1998) meta-analysis study that found that high EE households had relapse rates of 65%
        • quality of interaction with family/caregivers = huge factor in relapse and presentation of symptoms


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