social psychological explanations of criminal behaviours - differential association theory

  • Created by: Abi Crew
  • Created on: 18-05-22 15:59
View mindmap
  • differential association theory
    • individuals learn the values, attitudes, techniques and motivation for criminal behaviour.
    • We often hear the phrase “Got in with a bad crowd”; our friendship groups can profoundly affect criminality especially during adolescence.
    • Differential associations (number of contacts with criminals over non-criminals) may vary in frequency, duration, priority and intensity.
    • The process of learning criminal behavior by association with criminal and anti-criminal patterns involves all of the mechanisms that are involved in any other learning.
    • The principle part of the learning of criminal behavior occurs within intimate personal groups.
    • The differential association is a theory proposed by Sutherland in 1939. It explains that people learn to become offenders from their environment.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Aggression resources »