Son of Man

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  • Son of Man
    • Old Testament Usage
      • 'Son of Man' first appears in Numbers 23:19, referring to the difference between God and humanity.
      • In Job, it is present three times (16:18-21; 25:1-6; 35:6-8) referring to the weakness of humankind.
    • Daniel's Vision
      • Daniel 7:13-14 is the only Old Testament text where this phrase describes one who is like a human being but who also has power and authority fom God.
      • Daniel saw four beasts that represent the political powers at the time: Babylonian, Mede, Persian and Greek.
        • According to Daniel's vision, the power of these beasts would be taken away when the Son of Man appears (Grindheim, 2012)
    • Eschatology
      • 'Son of Man' in these texts is associated with eschatological judgement.
        • Judgement after death
      • In relation to eschatological judgement, Enoch states that the Son of Man will bring pain and shame to the wicked who will worship him, in a role that ties to that of God's.
    • Views of Scholars
      • Bultmann believes the evidence of 1 Enoch shows that 'Son of Man' was a messianic title in Jesus' day.


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