Theme 2: Stalin Collectivisation 1928-41

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  • Created by: ARQ
  • Created on: 23-05-22 13:19
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  • Stalin: Agricultural Collectivisation + it's impact 1928-41
    • 1928-41 agriculture collectivised: process
      • Small farms forcibly merged into large farms of 20-150 families
      • Ownership of farms taken over by state
      • Equipment taken from richer peasants and given to poorer peasants
      • Peasants destroyed crops, animals and machinery
        • Gov executed and deported kulaks resisting collectivisation
    • Causes
      • Ideological
        • End private ownership and therefore end capitalism
      • Economical
        • Collect more tax from farms
          • Invested into industrialisation
      • Political
        • Won support from Party's Left-WIng
      • NEP's failure
        • Agri production fell, led to food shortages in cities
    • Huge failure + crisis in agri
    • Consequences
      • Falling Production
        • Peasants killed livestock
          • 17m horses
          • 26m cattle
          • 11m pigs
          • 60m sheep + goats
        • Grain production decreased to 68.4 tones in 1933
          • over 99% decrease from 1928
      • Famine in Ukraine 1932-33
        • Resistance
          • Stalin seized grain + livestock
            • A government created famine
        • 5m dead
      • Modernisation
        • Tractors for hire at Machine Tractor Stations
          • 75k tractors
        • Had very little impact, just about made up for the horses killed
      • Grain Procurement
        • More grain procured than NEP
          • Increased by 11.6m from 1928-33
        • Exports increased x 5 1928-31
      • Slow Recovery after collectivisation
        • Collectivised farms less productive than private farms
          • Private farms had produced 410k per hectare
            • Collectivised farms produced 320k per hectare
              • Smaller harvests
          • Collective farms less productive than farms under NEP

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