Textiles 1

  • Created by: ARQ
  • Created on: 16-06-22 16:59
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  • Textiles
    • Growth of Linen
      • Irish linen was high quality, meant high demand
        • important + profitable industry
      • Cottage Industry
        • Hand weaving at home allowed small farmers to gain more income
      • By 1820
        • Belfast produced the majority of Linen in Ireland
      • After 1825
        • Linenopolis
          • Belfast grew in size and population due to linen's success
        • Development of wet-spinning
          • Drove the industry
          • Faster, larger qualities
          • Made linen more profitable than cotton
      • Belfast transformed: from small market town to the country's most industrialised centre
      • Stock market crash and commercial crisis:
        • Ulster's textiles industry became dependant on linen
    • Pre-industrialisation
      • Employed large portion of Ulster: important, profitable sector
      • Cotton & Wool
        • 1770 traiffs by Irish parliament
          • Wool & cotton growth
        • 50k people employed in cotton
      • Linen
        • 1820s British trad routes well-established, but Ireland's internal transport caused delays
          • eg: Belfast - Liverpool
          • Used fast, expensive steamships across channel
          • Delays in Ireland lead to calls for investment into transport
      • Relied on textiles (cotton, wool, linen)
    • Decline of cotton 1825
      • Cotton pre-1825 contributed sig to their econ
        • Protection of industry by Brit gov meant market florished
          • Protection removed 1824
      • Cotton mill owners saw the benefit of linen industry and that there was less competition, and so switched + removed investments
      • 1825 stock market crash permantently damaged cotton and unemployment rose
      • 1850: 4/19 mills remained in Ulster
    • Decline of wool
      • Commercial crisis
        • Britain protected its wool industry
          • Increased competition
            • Small Irish industry suffered
      • Competition from other countries
        • Ireland no longer dominated their domestic market
        • Used new technology (steam peered looms)
          • More productive than Ulster's hand-loom weaving
          • Lower prices


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