The development of renewable energy in the UK and the impacts on people and the environment.

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  • Created on: 27-11-20 13:58
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  • The development of renewable energy in the UK and the impacts on people and the environment.
    • 1950
      • •In 1950’s there was a small amount of HEP
      • •In the 1950’s coal was the majority of the UK’s energy supply.
    • 1967
      • •The world first pumped storage HEP station opened and started operating. Cruachan Loch, Scotland. This is one of 4 storage schemes in the UK today.
    • 1970
      • •A sudden rise in oil prices and miner’s strikes, forced the government to research into renewable energy, there first investigations included wave power.
    • 1985
      • •Southampton started to use geothermal heat to pump hot water through a district heating system.
    • 1991
      • •The first wind farm started operating in Delabole, Cornwall.
    • 2015
      • •Renewables contributed to 25% of the UK’s electricity generation. Compared to 2% in 1990.
    • Controversy of wind farms
      • •Wind farms are highly controversial.
      • •Onshore wind farms are often in sited areas and areas of open countryside and high land.
      • •This often makes local unhappy because of the visual pollution and sometimes the impact on tourism.
    • Case Study: Kirkby Moor Wind Farm, Cumbria
      • •In 2015, plans were objected by RWE Innogy to replace 12 existing 42-metre turbines with six huge turbines of 155m tall.
      • •The concern was that it would degrade the views in the Lake District, locals were concerned that it would have a harmful impact on the economy and the tourism.
    • Navitus Bay Offshore Wind Farm
      • •In 2015, minsters rejected plans to construct a 190 wind turbines, each nearly 200 metres tall, in the English Channel.
      • •There final reason of rejection is because it would harm the views for Dorset’s Jurassic Coast, which is one of England’s most treasured area of land. And is England’s only Natural World Heritage Site.
      • Also, tourism could suffer from this and it would have a negative impact on the local and regional economy


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