Theme 2: Stalin recovery after WW2

  • Created by: ARQ
  • Created on: 23-05-22 15:46
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  • Stalin: recovery from war after 1945
    • WW2 destroyed economy
      • Reconstruction of industry and agricultural post WW2
        • Industry saw rapid growth
        • Agriculture grew more slowly
        • Consumer goods and housing not prioritised and in short supply
      • Caused 25m homeless
        • Consumer goods and housing not prioritised and in short supply
      • Industry produced 1/3 of 1940
      • Agriculture producing 1/2 of 1940
    • Industrial recovery
      • Prioritised heavy industry
        • Given 90% of gov investment
      • In 1950 USSR producing more coal, oil, iron and steal than in 1940
      • Fastest growing economy in the world
    • Military Spending
      • Cold War
        • Prioritised rearmament
      • 25% of gov investment
      • 1949 atomic bomb successfully tested
    • Economic issues
      • Command economy meant economy state inefficient
      • Soviet workers less productive than other nations
      • < 12% investment into light industry
        • Failed to grow
        • Consumer goods remained scarce
      • Soviet economy geared towards quantity over quality
        • High tech production relied on precision and sophisticated tools and material
          • USSR lagged behind
            • Tractors and trucks poorly made
      • Farming was labour intensive and there were little incentives
        • Low productivity
    • Stalin industrialised USSR
      • Neglected consumer goods
      • Economy remained inefficient
      • But did not lead to better standard of living
        • Stalin's gigantomaniasatisfied rather than the needs of the people
    • Lenin's one party state and Stalin's command economy rained at the heart of the Soviet system until the 80s
      • Stalin credited with creating the world's first socialist economy


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