United nations

  • Created by: steloah1
  • Created on: 30-05-22 20:47
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  • The UN
    • Pros
      • Promoting growth and stability
        • Sanction imposed upon countries that do not abide by international laws
          • Sanction on Iran to deter their use of nuclear enrichment and reprocessing
            • Enrichment can be used for the development of weapons
            • Reprocessing is reusing nuclear waste for weapons
        • Millenium development goals
          • 8 anti-poverty targets set in 2000 by the UNDP to be achieved in 2015
          • In 1990, nearly half of the population in the developing world lived on less than $1.25 a day; that proportion dropped to 14 per cent in 2015
          • In Southern Asia, only 74 girls were enrolled in primary school for every 100 boys in 1990. Today, 103 girls are enrolled for every 100 boys.
        • Sustainable developement goals
          • a collection of 17 goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all".
            • The SDGs were set up in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and is intended to be achieved by 2030
          • 1. No poverty
          • 2. zero hunger
          • 7. Affordable and clean energy
        • The UN creates policies and legislation to protect social rights. For example, the Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the UN General Assembly
        • Reduced global mortality rates, including eradication of smallpox (1979) and near eradication of polio.
    • Cons
      • Exacerbating inequalities and injustices
        • UN peace keeping forces have been accused of sexual assault, murder, child trafficking and child prostitution
        • Kosovo mission allegedly had 800 counts of sexual abuse, 70 or murder, 100 of extortion by peace keeping forces
        • Inability for peace keeping forces to prevent conflicts
          • 1971 Bangladesh genocide
          • Unable to provide assistance during attacks in Mavivi in the DRC which killed 30 people
          • in 2013, Saudi Arabia was elected as a member on the human rights council, although the country is notorious for poor human rights, due to the intervention of the UK
            • Shows the UN's lack of power
        • Failures MDG
          •  about 800 million people still live in extreme poverty and suffer from hunger
            •  Over 160 million children under age five have inadequate height for their age due to insufficient food
          • Women earn 24 per cent less than men globally
        • Untitled
    • Context
      • The United Nations is an international organisation made of 193 member states set up in 1945 after World War 2 to promote international peace


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