US constitution lesson 1

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  • US constitution
    • history:
      • just over 7000 words long, provides structure for the federal government, the states should handle their own issues, written by founding fathers in 1787,
    • the boston tea party:
      • 1773, a protest by a group of massachusettcolonists against the tea act and more generally “taxation without representation”, the tea act passed by the british parliament, withdrew duty on tax exported to the colonies
    • the second continental congress:
      • 1775, managed the colonial war effort and moved incrementallytowards independence, adopting the US’s declaration of independence on july 4th 1776
    • the first continental congress:
      • 1774, a meeting held made by the colonies in response to the intolerable acts of the british, petition fo raking george III for a redress of its grievances with a boycott of british goods in the time being
    • declaration of independence:
      • 1776, all men are created equal and there are certain unalienable rights that government should never violate, these include; the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
    • articles of confederation:
      • 1777, the 13 representatives agree to create a confederacy called the USA whereby each state maintains its own sovereignty and all rights to govern, except those specific to congress, each state must recognise the legal proceedings and official records of every other state
    • annapolis convention
      • 1786, the problems that were evident under the articles of confederation lead to calls for a new constitution to be drafted, the direct result was the philadelphia convention of 1787
    • philadelphia convention:
      • 1787, 55 delegates from 12 states draft a replace,ent for the articles of confederation
    • US constitution ratified:
      • 1788, new hampshire becomes the ninth state to ratify the constitution, making it binding
    • first presidential election:
      • 1789, results of the first US president, george washington
    • bill of rights added:
      • 1791, amendments 1-10 added in order to quell the criticisms of the new constitution
    • limited government
      • founding fathers unwilling to create federal gov with unlimited powers, ‘separation of powers’ ‘checks and balances’, prevents i branch from having too much power


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