Why was the Rump dissolved in 1653?

  • Created by: eshabains
  • Created on: 09-05-22 16:47
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  • Why was the Rump dissolved in 1653?
    • Cromwell and the army had become frustrated with it
      • The army (particularly the Levellers) called for reform but the Rump failed to deliver. Especially because the Rump did not appear to be planning an election.
        • August 1652 - Army attempted to set a day on which the Rumo should be dissolved and a re-election should take place. Cromwell convinced them to hold off.
      • Cromwell had. wanted godly reforms to be made and the Rump had not delivered.
      • Heselridge had been preparing to remove Cromwell as Commander-in-Chief of the army.
    • The Rump was too slow to reform the law
      • The Hale Commission was set up in 1651 to investigate problems within the law. However, lawyers within the Rump prevented these recommendations from being enacted.
    • There had not been enough religious reform
      • Although there was some moderate religious reform, it was not nearly enough for the religiously radical Independents who wanted no formal church structure.
      • Cromwell's chaplain John Owen proposed a scheme that promoted religious tolerance and an educated clergy but it was rejected.
      • The Blasphemy Act (1650) was designed to squash religious radical groups but small ones were still active.
      • Only 4 people had been executed under the Adultery Act (1650).
    • The Rump was self-interested and tries to preserve its power.
      • The Rump was due to re-election as the members had originally been apart of the Long Parliament (est.Nov 1640). But the Rump showed no intention of dissolving and holding an election.
        • The Rump wanted to disband the army because it was a threat and wanted radical reform that the conservative members were unwilling to oblige.
    • The Rump was unpopular amongst the public
      • The Rump was made up of all the MPs that voted in favour of Charles' execution which the general public were appalled by.


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