womens health

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  • Women's health
    • common health issues
      • overweight and obesity
        • 1/3 of women are overweight
        • 1/4 of women are obese
          • obesity puts you at risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke and some types of stroke
            • can also lead to joint pain and physiological problems such as low self esteem
        • may cause problems with conceiving a baby
      • breast cancer
        • 1 in 8 women get diagnosed with breast cancer in their life time
        • reduce the risk of getting breast cancer by
          • maintain a healthy weight
          • limit alcohol intake to 14 units a week
          • be physically active
      • osteoporosis
        • after menopause women are more likely to develop this as oestrogen falls and this is what protects the bones
        • women are more at risk
        • eat a diet rich in calcium and vitamin d
        • take physical activity
        • reduce alcohol and smoking
      • cardiovascular disease (CVD)
        • more common in women than men
        • reduce risk of it by: maintaining a heathy body weight, get cholesterol level checked, maintain normal blood pressure level, don't smoke and exercise reguarly
      • irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
        • abdominal cramps, bloating, diarrohea, constipation
        • affects 1 in 5 people
    • menopause
      • common symptoms
        • hot flushes and night sweats
        • problems with memory
        • headaches
        • joint and muscle stiffness
        • lack of interest in sex
        • symptoms often last for 4 years
      • what is it?
        • fall in oestrogen which means that periods are less regular and eventually stop
        • the average age for the menopause to begin is 51
      • diet
        • eat a healthy varied diet
        • more at risk of osteoprosis so make sure to eat a diet rich in calcium (dairy) and vitamin d (oily fish/ sunlight)
        • more at risk of cvd so eat foods that are low in saturated fats
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