Theories Of Language and Occupational


Theories Of Language and Occupational


  • Goal Orientation
  • Turn Taking Rules or Restrictions
  • Allowable Contributions
  • Professional Lexis
  • Structure
  • Asymmetry


  • Conversations in the work place usually focuses on a common goal or specific tasks
  • In certain occupations, there are rules to turn taking and there may be unwritten restrictions on who speaks when, e.g. in doctor patient consultations, it is usually the doctor who asks the questions
  • There may be certain restrictions on what a participant is allow to say, so what is acceptable or not in that situation
  • There is a special lexis for each job you are in, for example, specialist IT language is used in an IT job
  • Interactions is a workplace may be structured in a certain way
  • A lot of workplace interactions tend to be asymmetrical as there is often someone who holds a lot more power or knowledge than the other participant

Overall summary

These theories are very generalised therefore are not always seen in every workplace, thus when analysing something to do with occupation, only look for the theories and if they are present, then you comment on them.


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