A-Level Geography -> Regeneration -> Economic Classification



Rebranding is not just about changing a name, it is about changing image and reception whilst also changing content 

1 of 16

Regenerating Places

Places vary economically and socially, change can include movements of people, capital and resources. 

This means that some places become marginalised and are "left behind"

2 of 16


Regeneration is the process of improving a place by making positive changes 

3 of 16

Rebranding Definition

Rebranding is creating a new image or reputation for an area 

4 of 16

4 parts

  • 1) How and why places vary 
  • 2) Why regeneration might be needed 
  • 3) How regeneration is managed 
  • 4) Assessing the success of regeneration 
5 of 16

Key Idea - Economies

Economies can be classified in different ways and vary from place to place

6 of 16

Clark-Fisher Model

Quinary, the highest levels of decision making in an economy. Top business execs and officials in government, universities, media, science, etc. Mainly in scince and technology 

7 of 16

Primary Industry Jobs

Primary industry jobs acquires raw materials, e.g. crops, fish or minerals 

8 of 16

Secondary Industry Jobs

Secondary industry jobs manufactures or assembles raw materials into new commodities 

9 of 16

Tertiary Industry Jobs

Tertiary industry jobs refers to services e.g. transporting the goods manufactured to the stores 

10 of 16

Quaternary Industry Jobs

Quaternary industry jobs is also known as the "knowledge" sector of the economy, it involves services, e.g. R&D and IT (Information Technology)

11 of 16

Types of employment

Permanent -> The workers has a contract that has no end-date

Temporary -> The worker has a short-term position and with a fixed end date 

Full time -> The individual works 5 days a week (or typically >35 hours) 

Part Time -> The individual does not work 100% of the weeksm for example if they work 3 days their pay would be 60%

Employed -> The individual is a member of staff which is paid by their employer 

Self-employed -> The individual is responsible for their own business and their income is paid to themselves 

12 of 16

Key terms and meaning - 1

Place -> A geographical space shaped by individuals and communities over time 

Rural-Urban continuum -> The transition from sparsely populated remote rural areas to densely populated urban areas 

Processes -> The movement of people, capital, information and resources which can create wealthy or deprived places 

Regeneration -> The process of improving a place by making positive changes. Focuses on residential, retail or industrial. Means physical improvements to an area 

13 of 16

Key terms and meaning -2

Rebranding -> Creating a new image or reputation for an area, the marketing of a place. Alters the feel and as the attitude people have towards a place, often relies on a areas industrial past or literary fame 

Reimaging -> Changing the image or name of a place 

Quaternary -> The highest levels of decision making in an economy - top business execs and officials in government, universities, media, science, etc. Mainly n the scinece and technology industries 

Postcode lottery - The uneven distribution of health and other services nationally, esopecially in mental health, care of the elderly and cancer diagnosis

14 of 16

Key terms and meaning - 3

Glasgow efect - the unexplained poort health and low life expectancy of residents of Glasgow thought to be linked to deprivation 

Quality of life -> the level of socio-economic well being of individuals and communites. Measured by a various indicators including health, happiness, income, educational achievement and leisure time. Wider concept than standard of living which focuses on income 

Inequality -> Occurs in different forms e.g. social, economic and environmental. High inequality reduces potential for growth benefits do not always trickle down to those in need. Rengernation tries to change this. 

15 of 16

Key terms and meaning - 4

Spatial inequality -> Differences across places at a range of scales, e.g neighbourhood, city, region, countries

Intergeneration cycle -> Poor health and educational achievement may be intergenerated they are passed on from parents to children 

16 of 16


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Regeneration and regenerating places resources »