A2 PE Personality

Psychology PE personality

  • Created by: Jade
  • Created on: 31-01-11 15:02

Definitions of personality

Hollander: - personality is the sum total of an individuals characteristics which make a human unique

Pervin: - personality represents those characteristics of the person that account for consistent patterns of behaviour

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Trait Theory Of Personality

(B = F (P))

(behaviour = function (personality))

trait views say that all behaviour it innate and genetically programmed

they are thought to be stable, enduring and consistent in all situations

trait is a single characteristic of personality that is believed to be a natural force or instinct causing an individual to behave in a predicted way


  • behaviour at all times is predictable
  • does not take into account the fact that people adapt their behaviour in response to a particular environmental situation
  • it doesn't consider environmental influences on the shaping of personality
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Eysenck and Cattell

(http://www.fortunecity.com/roswell/jekyll/75/square.gif)Ignore the air, fire, earth and water i couldnt find a better diagram :-)

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extroverts and introverts


  • affiliate well to other people
  • outgoing, gregarious and social
  • become aroused more slowly the extroverts
  • low sensitivity of the reticular activating system


  • shy and reserved
  • prefer isolation from others
  • become aroused more quickly then introverts
  • high sensitivity of the reticular activating system
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Neurotic and Stable


  • extreme and unpredictable emotions - mood swings
  • moods are unreliable
  • experience high degrees of stress
  • recovery from stress is slow


  • Display predictable emotions in appropriate situations
  • moods are predictable
  • tend not to experience intense stress
  • recovery from stress is rapid

Arousal = physical and mental state if preparedness

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Cattell - Evaluation (16 personality factors quest

  • too simplistic
  • failed consider the effects of environmental situations
  • social desirability bias
  • ambiguous questions
  • same participant may not always give the same answer

Reticular Activating System (RAS) :-

  • introverts are more easily aroused then extroverts because of the sensitivity of an area of the brain called the reticular activating system. there is a greater likelihood that with increased stimulation the introvert will become over aroused
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Girando (Narrow Band Theory)

Suggests there are two types of personality = Type A + B

Type A

  • highly competitive
  • works fast
  • strong desire to succeed
  • likes control
  • prone to suffer stress

Type B

  • non competitive
  • works more slowly
  • lacking in desire to succeed
  • does not enjoy control
  • less prone to stress
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