Defining Place and Space


Defining Space and Place

  • Space is different than place.
  • Space exists between places and does not have the meaning places do.
    • Yi Fu Tuan (1977)- "space is given by the ability to move, space implies freedom" 
    • " a place comes into existance when humans give meaning to a part of the larger, undifferentiated space"
    • "when space feels thoroughly familiar to us, it becomes a place. Place is a type of object. Places and objects define space".
  • Places have objective and subjective meanings.
    • Objective- can be verified by a fixed location (it can be plotted on a map)
    • Subjective- based on a point of view
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How and why people perceive places in different wa

    • Age
    • Gender
    • Sexuality
    • Religion
    • Role
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  • places gain more meaning the longer you stay there
  • different needs for young and old 
  • built environment perception changes with age (mobility)
    • e.g  OWCH (old women's co-housing community), a group of women over fifty who have created our own community in a new, purpose-built block of flats in North London. As an alternative to living alone, we have friendly, helpful neighbours.
  • many people move through a lifecycle where they live.
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  • e.g Iran has barred female spectators from football and other stadiums for around 40 years Fifa threatened to suspend the Islamic republic over its controversial male-only policy. Women are now allowed into the stadium, with restrictions.
    • past perceptions/photographs etc of sporting events overwhelmingly male.
  • safety has an impact on people's mental maps
    • e.g women may not walk through city centre at night
  • architects are a player in new developments.
    • Many are white, young males. Fewer than 1/10 is black, asian or minority-ethnic.
    • less than a third of UK qualified architects are women 
    • this all plays a part in mental maps (alley ways, accessibility for wheelchairs and pushchairs etc).
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  • differing acceptance of LGBTQ+ in different countries/places 
  • 73

jurisdictions (the official power to make legal decisions and judgements) criminalise private, consensual, same-sex sexual activity. Almost half are commonwealth.

  • Manchester gay village welcome LGBTQ+ (clubs bars etc)
  • If people feel safe in an area they may be drawn to there
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  • add meaning OR create conflict
  • e.g- uluru- tourist attraction to some, sacred to indigenous Australians and is thought to have started forming around 550 million years ago.
  • e.g- ugyhur musims regected and mistreated in china. 
  • e.g- conflict (israelis and palestinians conflict over jerusalem, began mid 20th century)
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  • our role effects our behaviour and perception in certain places
  • people can feel included or excluded
  • e.g gated communities 
  • socio- economic role
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Emotional attachment/social experiences

    • strong emotional attachment of football fans to their team's stadium
  • Diaspora- group of people with similar heritage or homeland that have settled elsewhere
  • long term attachment based on memories
  • people can be attatched to a homeland that has no geographical or political base.
    • e.g Kurds 
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The Kurds

  • a distincitve group/community that are united through race, culture and langauge 
  • indigenous people of Mesopotamian plains (mostly Iraq) 
  • they have been repeatedly dispursed after western powers promised them their own homeland after WW1.
  • Kurds have been restricted from their languagel, identity and costume.
  • they are still a community working towards having their own homeland 'Kurdistan'
  • historically opressed without a state
  • want peace and co-existance
  • dispursed after promised homeland
  • they want a stable country to live in 
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