Pre-Industrial Sport

known as popular recreation

  • combat based - preparing for war
  • no bounaires - rural grounds, large spaces e.g. village green or church ground
  • localised - lack of transport
  • occasional - based on church calendar and holy days/festivals
  • un-coded
  • few watch many play (mob - large numbers)
  • basic or little equipment
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Post-Industrial Sport

known as rationalised sport

  • regional and national sport - ability to travel
  • less players and boundares - lack of space due to urbanisation
  • more regular - regulated work hours
  • written rules and cofidied due to multiple different vairations 
  • controlled agression
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Public School Athleticism

development of rationalised sport began in public schools; sport was used to 

  • control and channel agression
  • as a sense of discipline
  • learn commitment
  • leadership and teamwork
  • used for health and fitness
  • sportsmanship

sport was used as a means of social control:

  • kept boys out of trouble
  • got rid of agression and frustration
  • used to settle arguments
  • confined to school grounds
  • gave educational values
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Importance of Oxbridge

  • served as melting pot from sporting ideas at public schools
  • initatied and begun the rationalisation of rules
  • began the initial coding of sport
  • created early establishments of NGBS
  • it also created sport inter universities and varisty sports e.g. cambridge vs oxbridge
  • diffusion of sport across country and wolrd - CATPUICCA
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Exporting - CATPUICCA

spreading both the sport itself but also the ethics associated and the benefits of sport e.g.

  • athelticisim 
  • communication
  • leadership
  • sportsmanship

universities adopted games and passed it onto wider society - oxbridge was melting point; when students lef they took rules and ethics with them 

  • Colonial - passing to empire
  • Army
  • Teaching
  • Patronage
  • University
  • Industry
  • Church
  • Clubs
  • Administration
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Importance of Codification

codification changed the nature of sport in Britain

  • allowed common understanding between players and spectators
  • allowed sport to be played nationally and across different regions
  • leagues and regional competitions
  • created need for NGBs
  • safer and less violent ativities - sport seen as more civilised
  • required offcials to ensure rules were applied properly 
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