Free Movement of Goods

  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 10-01-16 12:06

Article 34

'Quantative restrictions on imports and all measures having equivelent effect shall be prohibited between MS'

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A quantative restriction is 'any measures which amount to a total or partial restraint of imports, exports or goods in transit'

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Article 36






Animals and Plants

National treasures- artistic, historic or archeological

Industrial and commercial property

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Facts: Belgian law specified that they needed a certificate of origin. Dassonville didn't have one and Belgium issued criminal proceedings

'All trading rules enacted by MS which are capable of hindering, directly or indirectly, actually or potentially, intra-community trade are to be considered as measures having an equivelent effect to quantative restrictions'

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Differentiated between a selling arangement and a product requirement

'prohibiting certain selling arangements is not such as to hinder directly or indirectly, actually or potentially, trade between MS'

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Cassis de Dijon

Facts: German law meant that you could only define something as a liquour if it has 25%. Casis had 15-20% and so couldn't be sold in Germany.

This was a barrier to free movement.


Mutual recognition

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Commission v Italy Motorcycle Trailers

Road safety is upto MS

Varying degrees are not necessarily disproportionate

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Art 26

1. The union shall adopt measures w/ the aim of establishing or ensuring the functionung of the internal market

2. The internal market shall comprise of an area w/out internal fronters in which the FMOG, P, S and C is ensured

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Commission v Italy Works of Art

Goods are 'products which can be valued in money and which are capable, as such, of forming the subject of commercia transactions'.

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Belgium v Spain Rejoia

Rule that bottle of wine should be done in the region of production to preserve the reputation of wine.

Restrictive to trade but justified

Focus on Art 35 (exports)

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Commission v Portugal Tinted Windows

Restricting free movement to prevent crime

Not proportional as one tool of many

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Haahr Petroleum

40% surcharge on imported goods by ship from another MS

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Beer and Wine cases

Commission v UK: Beer and wine comparable so higher tax not allowed under art 110

Commission v Sweden: Differences in beer and wine meant that the tax didn't influence consumers

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Scotch Whisky Association v Scotland

Angus MacCulloch: harmful and hazardous drinkers were being targeted which gives health exception as per Art 36

Tax v MUP- least onerous choice?

Former lawyer Carl Gardner: 'delphic'- courts position on proportionality not clear

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