GCSE RE: Edexcel Unit 3.4


Attitudes to Men and Women

How they have changed:

  • Can keep their own property
  • Vote in elections
  • become councillers and MP's
  • recieve the same pay
  • illegal to discriminate because of gender (1975 - Sex discrimination Act)
  • expected to share roles in the home

Why attitudes have changed:

  • Suffragette movement
  • 1st and 2nd world war proved that women could do the same jobs
  • equal rights in different countries - could not claim it was not needed
  • Industrial developement needed more women workers
  • UN declaration of human rights - equal rights had to be accepted
  • labour governments were in favour
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Christian views on equal rights for women in relig

Catholic attitude:

  • Teaches equal rights in society
  • God created man and women at the same time in his image
  • teachings of the catechism
  • Only men can be priests as jesus' apostles were all men
  • the priest represents jesus and as he was a man the priest must also be

Traditional Protestant attitudes:

  • Different roles so are not equal
  • in the bible, st.paul teaches that women should not speak in church
  • St. paul uses genisis to show that man was created before women
  • Jesus only chose men as his apostles
  • Tradition of the church that only men are leaders
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Christian views on equal rights for Women

Modern Prostestant attitudes:

  • Men and women have equal rights in society and religion
  • Genisis - created man and women at the same time in his image
  • in letters, paul teaches that men and women are equal in christ
  • Evidence that jesus treated women as equals - women stayed with him at the cross - appeared to a women first
  • Evidence that women were priests in the early church.
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Problems of Discrimination


  • Racially or Religiously prejudiced employers will not give jobs to certain groups of people
  • Prejudiced landlords may refuse accomodation
  • Prejudiced teachers may discriminate agianst pupils in their teaching so the pupils may not recieve the best possible mark they could have
  • Prejudiced officer may search people for no reason based on who they are


  • If they feel that they are treated unfairly they will begin to work against society
  • May turn to crime as they cannot find work
  • May turn to extreme religious groups as they have no chance of success
  • Leads to groups which stir up hatred and violence (BNP)
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Government actions to promote Community Cohesion


  • Race Relations act - unlawful to discriminate because of race
  • Crime and Disorder act - severe punishments for racially or religious violence
  • Racial and Religious Hatred act - offence to use threatening words or behaviour about religious beliefs
  • Equallity and human rights commission - equallity and human rights for all
  • Community cohesion is now a part of the school curriculum

Why it is imortant:

  • Different ideas may lead to violence
  • London bombers were british citizans who lost faith in britain
  • Violence becomes a way of life without it
  • Impossible to co-operate
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Government actions to promote community Cohesion

It is about:

  • Avoiding bad effects of discrimination
  • Ecouraging us all to work together
  • enusing respect for one another
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Why Catholics should promote community cohesion


  • Parable of the good samaritan - love all races as our neighbours
  • St.Peter had a vision telling him not discriminate as God has no favourites
  • St.Paul taught that all races are equal in Christ
  • Catholic Church has members from every race
  • Catholic Cardinals and bishops of every race
  • Teachings of the Catechism and encyclicals from Pope John Paul II.
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The Catholic church and asylum seekers and migrant

How the Catholic chuch helps:

  • Office for refugee policy - prepares the bishops
  • Leaflets available in different languages
  • English language classes
  • equipment to help set up a home
  • legal advice clinics
  • masses in other languages to help them keep their faith

Why the Catholic church helps:

  • God of justice - we must behave justly
  • No one should be oppressed
  • Parable of the good samaritan
  • Parable of the sheep and the goats
  • Jesus was a refugee and asylum seeker when he fled herod.
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Benefits of a multi-faith society

  • Learn about other religions - what they have in common
  • Other religions may practice more seiously making you think about your own religion
  • Makes you think more seriously about your beliefs
  • Likely to be more understanding and respectful
  • Religious freedom
  • Think more about religion as they come across new ideas
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Christian attitudes to different religions

Catholic attitude:

  • Christianity is the one true faith
  • Can come to god through different religions
  • Taught in the catechism
  • Jesus is the son of God - Shows the nature of God
  • Bibles teaches the full truth - to recieve salvation

Evangelical Christian attitude:

  • Christianity is the only way
  • should try to convert everyone
  • Jesus said that he is the only way to God
  • Converting their neighbour is loving - want them to recieve slavation
  • Jesus said to convert all nations
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Christian attidues to different religions

Liberal Protesant attitudes:

  • All religions are just different ways of finding God
  • God can be discovered in different ways
  • They see other religions as living good holy lives
  • Jesus said that there are many rooms in his fathers house
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Issues for multi faith societies


  • many see it as a duty to convert people
  • only way to get into heaven is to be converted
  • Holy books teach that they should convert non-believers


  • conversion is discriminating agaisnt those who do not believe the same as you do
  • It is impossible to say that all religions are wrong unless you have studied all of them
  • trying to convert others can lead to violence
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Issues for a multi faith society

Bringing up children:

  • Children learning about other faiths may cause problems for religious believers
  • Most religions teach that you should raise your children in the faith
  • Parents worry what will happen to them after death if they convert
  • Social and peer pressures to remain in the faith
  • Children educated at state school are tempted away from religion

Interfaith Marriages:

  • Must be members of the same religion to have a religious wedding ceremony
  • Which religion will the children be brought up in
  • What will happen to the couple after death
  • Parents and relatives may feel betrayed
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How religions work for community cohesion

  • Working with other religions to find out what they have in common - living without trying to convert
  • Potestant/liberal christians and reform jewish religions have special marriage ceremonies
  • Website for help and advice
  • Potestant/liberal christians and reform jewish religions encourage parents to bring up children in both faiths
  • Religious schools have agreed to teach about the other main religions
  • Working in groups such as the interfaith network for the uk
  • indivdual places of worship which work together
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