Geography - Hazards


Perception to Natural hazards

Perception is the way in which an individual interprets the hazard, creating an assessment of the dangers relative to how it is perceived which therefore influences actions in responce and expectations from the government.. 

Adaption is communities living with the hazard, adjusting their living conditions and becoming less vulnerable. 

Fatalism is the thought that the hazard is part of living, it is 'Gods will' and they will face the consequences. Liabilities are accepted as inevitable. 

Fear is the perception that they should move away due to the fear of death that the hazard causes. 

Perception can be influenced by factors of:
- Socio-economic status
- Level of education 
- Employment
- Religion or culture
- Experience and expectations

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Risk Management

Prediction is enhanced through monitoring which therefore  gives possible anticipation for the hazard that may occur. We can use data and information regarding the land, sea and earth which is regularly recorded. (eg National Hurricane Centre in Florida) 

Prevention is the human influence of stopping the hazard from forming. We have seen attempts at prevention with seeding clouds in potential tropical storms to cause more rain which would weaken the storm as the storm approaches land. 

Protection is the methods in preserving the sanity of people, posessions and the buiilt environment are protected to manage the impacts of fatalities and costs. Protection has been demonstrated through earthquake prrof buildings.
-> risk sharing is preparations which make people aware of what to do in the case of a disaster to reduce both loss of life and property damage. 

Magnitude and intensity of hazards can be reduced depending upon the implementation of mitigation strategies and how countries adopt adaptation strategies.

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Mitigating Hazards


Hazard mitigation is any action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to human life and property from natural hazards. As hazards can occur at the same place over time - for example, earthquakes - mitigation strategies can help an area to be prepared for the impacts and lessen the impacts when the hazards occur.

Retro-engineering older buildings is an example of mitigating the danger from collapsing masonry and reducing the chance of fire breaking out in the event of an earthquake.

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