History : The Rise of Hitler and the Nazis

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  • Created by: 13ganl
  • Created on: 29-04-17 15:00

The Birth of the Nazi Party, 1919-23

1921 Hitler created the SA, the Nazi Party's private army.

SA showed violence in political events and broke up meetings of opposition groups.

Hitler gained control because he ordered the SA to break up opposition meetings and showed he was prepared to use military force.

Nazi Party gained popularity:

- Hitler's charismatic speeches

- Nazi emblem

- 25 point programme

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The Munich Putsch, 1923

Effects:

  • Showed Hitler had some support in legal establishment, as judge and jury were sympathetic to his right-wing views in trial
  • Showed legal establishment had little faith in the Weimar Government
  • Hitler gained national publicity
  • Hitler developed ideas in prison and planned to gain more political support

Why:

  • Hitler wanted to gain support from Bavarian politicians and German army to take power in Germany
  • Had to keep control of SA by giving job to do
  • Weimar Republic was in a bad position and about to collapse

After the Putsch:

  • Gain power politically
  • Nazi ideology formulated
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Changes in the Nazi Party, 1924-28

** set up in 1925. Better-trained and more loyal than SA. Feared for their ruthlessness, people were less likely to oppose directly.

Unsuccessful 1928 election:

- Germany had recovered economically and in its international position : didn't want extreme parties

- Hindernburg's popularity and election in 1925 boosted Weimar Republic's reputation

Changes of Nazi Party results:

- better organisation

- appearance of strength and order

- spread ideas through propaganda; gave party image of strength

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Impact of the Wall Street Crash and the Depression

German banks lost money and businesses closed, so unemployment rose. Government failed to deal with crisis, and Bruning lost support.

People turned to the Nazi Party:

  • Could recover German economy
  • Protection from the KPD
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Goebbels and Propaganda and the Work of the SA, 19

Hitler was the face of Nazi propaganda, after he appointed Joseph Goebbels to be head of propaganda in 1930.

Hitler and the Nazis led an extremely successful campaign, carefully planning and staging his speeches and appearances. He appealed to all classes of Germans, and in the 1930 election, the Nazis won 107 seats.

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Events of 1932 - January 1933

After von Schleicher resigned, Hindenburg needed to appoint a chancellor with Reichstag support. He and von Papen appointed Hitler as vice chancellor, because they thought they could control him. However, they was wrong.

By persuading Hindenburg to use Article 48, Hitler was able to become chancellor.

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