Learning studies

  • Created by: Kimberley
  • Created on: 08-10-13 22:37

Watson and Rayner (1920)

A: To see if emotional response of fear could be ocnditioned in a human.

M: Albert 11 months old. Seemed to like white lab rat and had no fear. In conditioning trial everytime he reached for it a metal bar was hit behind him with a hammer.

R: After seven times Albert screamed and tried to get away from rat. Although there was no loud noise. Albert also feared fury objects and santa.

C: Fear responses can be learnt and even in very young children. Can learn in way suggested by classical conditioning. 

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Operant conditioning.

Cat in puzzle box would learn to pull string in order to escape from box.

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Skinner box - rat accidently press lever and would be rewarded with food. Learnt to press leaver. Positive reinforcement.

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