Livestock - Waste Disposal & Fallen Stock


Waste Disposal & Fallen Stock

  • Agricultural waste: waste from premises used for agriculture within the meaning of the Agriculture Act 1947
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  • Waste Management (England and Wales) Regulations 2006
    • banned the burying and burning or farm waste (including plastic and cardboard) meaning that farmers have the legal duty to send waste off-farm, either to recycling or a landfill site
  • The Waste (England and Wales) Regulations 2011
    • applies to businesses that: produce waste, import or export waste, carry or transport waste, keep or store waste, treat waste, dispose of waste, operate as waste brokers or dealers.
    • should be a hierarchy of waste management options: prevention, preparing for re-use, recycling, recovery (e.g., energy recovery), disposal
    • From 28th September 2011, whenever waste is passed onto someone else a declaration will have to be made in the form of a waste transfer note
    • waste transfer notes must include the SIC code of the person transferring the waste
  • The Environmental Protection (Duty of Care)(England)(Amendment) Regulations 2003
    • impose requirements on any person who is subject to the duty of care as respects the making and retention of documents and furnishing copies of them
    • breach of the duty of care is a criminal offence
    • imposes duty of care on any person who imports, produces, carries, keeps, treats, or disposes of controlled waste or, as a broker, has control of such waste
  • The Nitrates Directive 1991
    • aims to reduce waste pollution caused or induced by nitrate from agricultural sources
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Environmental Protection Act 1990 (amended 2008)

  • deals with issues relating to waste on land
    • defines all aspects of waste management and places duty on local authorities to collect waste
  • as a business, there is a duty to ensure waste of the company is handled safely and lawfully
  • this is your 'duty of care' and applies to anyone who produces, imports, transports, stores, treats or disposes of controlled waste
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  • the government department responsible for safeguarding the environment
    • supports world-leading food and farming
    • sustains a thriving economy
  • plays a significant role in people's day to day lives
    • from food we eat, and the air we breathe, to the water we drink
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What hazardouse waste is produced on farms?

  • chemicals such as herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides
  • Medicines: expired, used or partially used doses, dips, wormers, dry cow and mastitis tubes, needles, syringes
  • Waste paints - both solvent and chromate-based paints
  • coolants and anti-freeze
  • oil and air filters
  • waste engine and hydraulic oils
  • aerosols
  • contaminated gloves, rags, clothes and overalls - used when administering medicines, spraying pesticides, handling oils or any other hazardous materials
  • any waste electrical equipment - including broken power tools, monitor etc. - anything that is operated by a plug or battery
  • asbestos and asbestos sheeting
  • Creosole - the remains of burnt wood, tar, coal or other fossil fuels
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  • waste can by given only to an authorised person and a Waste Transfer note must be collected to show lawful disposal
  • farm assurance schemes also require records to be kept for waste disposal
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What is recyclable on the farm?

  • clear plastic film (e.g., clear shavings bale shrink wrap)
  • silage sheet
  • silage wrap
  • plastic feed bags
  • paper feed bags
  • woven polypropylene bags (fertiliser or seed bags)
  • net wrap
  • plant trays
  • baler twine
  • dry cardboard
  • plant pots
  • spray and dairy chemical containers
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Disposal of Fallen Stock

  • fallen stock: any animal that has died of natural causes of disease, or that has been killed for any other reason that for human consumption
  • not permitted to burn or bury fallen stock on farms due to risk of disease spread through soil residues, ground water or air pollution
    • ban also covers animal by-products, including afterbirth and stillborns
    • only exceptions:
      • in remote areas - parts of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, Bardsey and Caldy Islands in Wales, and the Scilly Isles, and Lundy Island
      • during outbreaks of notifiable disease if there is a lack of capacity at rendering plants and incinerators
  • all fallen animals must be collected by an approved transporter and taken for disposal or treatment to an approved knacker, hunt kennel, maggot farm, incinerator or renderer
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Secret Life of Landfill

  • will be monitoring the site for at least another 60 years to allow methane to neutralise
  • trying to get the public to understand how they are contributing to waste
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