Migration Streams

  • Migration tends to involve groups of people moving from a common source region to a similar destination.
  • It can be either internal or international.
  • INTERNATIONAL- movement of people form Eastern Europe to the UK is an example of an international stream.
  • INTERNAL- movement of people from the Highlands of Scotland to the South East of England.
  • Migration streams occur when the migrants have similar reasons for leaving in the first place and their choice of destination may have been influenced by a number of factors.
  • Migrants from their former colonies often move to their colonial rulers' country such as the West Indians to Britain or Algerians to France.
1 of 5

Economic Migrant

  • People who move to another country or simply to abtain work and earn money.
  • Such migrants frequently return home after they have earned their desired amount of money.
  • Many of the East European migrants that moved to Britain are said to fall into this category.
  • Many are single men living in cheap accomodation and working long hours in jobs, often below their skills capability.
  • According to government figures, many have already returned home.
2 of 5

Illegal Migrants

  • Some people are unable to fufil the legal requirements set down by their chosen destination country and are prepared to enter illegally.
  • These migrants travel undercover across Europe and then attempt to gain access to Britain via ferries concealed in the back of lorries.
  • These people are willing to risk a lot to come to Britain and are prepared to take low wages unregulated work places.
  • On occasions some have died on the journey.
  • In 2000, 58 illegal Chinese immigrants suffocated in the back of a container lorry on their way from Zeebrugge to Dover.
  • In 1999, 2500 illegal immigrants died attempting to gain access to Europe.
  • Ilegal migrants are a vulnerable group of peple.
  • Some will have paid large sums of money to illegal gangs who agree to smuggle them into their chosen country.
  • Those who manage to gain entry often find themselves exploite by gangs through very low wages or working in unsafe conditions.
  • in 2004, 22 illegal migrant died in Morecambe Bay picking cockles in dangerous tidal conditioons.
3 of 5

Asylum Seekers

  • These are people who have come to a new country without the required legal documentation to gain entry.
  • They ask permission to remain on the basis that they will face torture or death if they return home.
  • Such people will have fled persecution and there is an internationally agreed list of countries deemed likely to use torture.
  • The number of asylum seeker has increased- some are seeking entry purely for economic reasons.
  • This means governments undertake rigorous checks to verify the asylum seekers' claims.
  • This can be a complicated process where a person can be held in a holding centre until they are verified, which can take several weeks.
  • According to Home Office figures. there were 24,000 asylum applications in 2007.
4 of 5


  • Defined by the United Nations as "a group of people unable to live safely in their home country".
  • These are people who have limited choice either in the decision to leave or in their ultimate destinations.
  • Natural disasters can casue a refugee movement.
  • In Burma, many people are still living in refugee camps following the cyclone in May 2008.
  • Wars, ethnic cleansing and any form of religious or political discrimination have caused huge displacements of people.
  • According to United Nations, there are now approx 10 million refugees and 13 million people displaced within their own country.
  • EXAMPLE: Syrian refugees.
5 of 5


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change and migration resources »