MUMBAI

case study - paper 2

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backround & location

MUMBAI - LIC - megacity

push factors (why people leave)  / pull factors ( why people come to Mumbai)

- Dharavi is in Mumbai , the largest slum settlement in Asia.

- Entertainment, fashion and commercial centre of India

- 38% of migrants come from the Maharashtra state, many also come from other poor regions.

- mechanisation forced people out of work & small farms had to sell to larger land owners.

- offers more job opportunities & the manufacturing industry pays higher wages.

- Also, there are more schools, health care facilities & entertainment than any other parts of the state

Mumbai is situated on the west coast of India, by the Arabian coast. It is the economic capital of India

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urban growth : opportunities

MAIN OPPORTUNITIES

- high employment

- recycling industry employs approximately 10,000 people

- pottery industry

- good community spirit

- large work force available

- 90% of the population can read & write, bring up educated generation

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urban growth : challenges

MAIN CHALLENGES

- poor housing

- overcrowding - 1 million people per square mile

- poor sanitation - sewage in the streets

- contaminated water - waste & toxic chemicals get into the river

- high amounts of air polution

- poor transport

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improvement plans

Proposal to totally redevelop the Dharavi slum area

- The Slum Rehabilitaion Authority are starting by cleaning out slums and rehousing dwellers into high rise blocks of flats.

- self-contaiined areas are given to the dwellers that are small but are free of cost aswell as having toilets, electricity, access to water, beds and carpets.

- to put towards these costs developers can sell extra units

- howevor this has negatives too :

  * work is hard to access to many

  * communities are broken up

  * some feel it's mainly beneficial to the goverment as they can build where the slums once were which is prime area.

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Facts & Numbers

- 1,000 primary schools and secondary schools are ran, free education.                      

- almost 40% of migrants come from poor areas

- on average, 1 person per minute migrates to Mumbai

- 90% of the populatio can read and write, 13% more than in the countryside.

- almost 80% of households in Mumbai have access to fuel for cooking

- the life expectancy in Mumbai is 68 years. higher than India's average.

- Mumbai controls 7 dams

- in areas, water is rationed to 2 hrs a day access.

- 1,000 healthcare centres here.

- in Dharavi, approx 1,000 people share 1 toilet.    - Dharavi is home to 800,000 people

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