Occupation and Language

  • Created by: indiaskye
  • Created on: 17-04-16 16:57

Drew and Heritage

  • 1992
  • 'Talk at Work' - identified some key differences between everyday conversation and work place talk
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Speech Community

a group of people who use the same variety of a language and who share specific rules for speaking and interpretating speech

Yule - 2004:

  • 'speech is a form of social identity and is used consciously to indicate membership of different social groups'

Zdenek & Salzmann - 2004:

  • 'need to share; pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and manner of speaking to belong to the same speech community'
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Discourse Community

a group of people who share certain langage using practices

Hewings and Hewings - 2005:

  • 'groups of people who share particular registers and use the kinds of texts in which these registers occur'

John Swales - 1990:

  • 'groups that have goals or purposes and use communication to achieve these goals'
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  • 2011
  • instrumental authorityenforcing authority
  • influential authority - using persuassion to make someone behave in a certain way
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  • Accomodation theory
  • 'when people interact they adjust their speech, vocal patterns and gestures, to accomodate others'
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Sinclair and Coulthard

  • 1975
  • Initiation (starting conversation)
  • Response
  • Feedback (replying)
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Ten can Dijk

  • 2014


  • When we speak we are influenced by what is called a knowledge device
  • audience appropriate language
  • we change language depending on the 'communicative situation'

Power in interpersonal communication:

  • powerful language can be used to influence others
  • all have a personal power from our speech patterns
  • "If what one says is worth listening to, then whenever one speaks, those will listen"
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