unit 3 health and social

health and social care

  • Created by: chloe
  • Created on: 26-01-11 19:27


  • Carbohydrates
  • Protein
  • Fibre
  • Vitamins and minerals
  • Water

Protein- Made up of amino acids (essential)

  • Growth of body tissue
  • Muscle
  • Hair
  • Nails
  • Brain
  • Skin/organs
  • Blood growth
  • Bone

Carbohydrates- made for energy to do everyday things

  • not as high as fats
  • starch and sugars
  • healthy and unhealthy ways
  • Sugars (fast burners)
  • Bannanas, potatoes bread, biscuits, cakes chocolates
  • Calories or CaKl
  • Starch (slow burner)

Fats- concentrated source of energy)

  • Saturated (solidifies at room temp)- Found in ANIMALS
  • Unsaturated (stays liquid at room temp)- Found in VEGETABLES


  • Cellulose (form of carbohydrate) in plant cells
  • Cant break this up in our digestive system
  • Comes out as faeces
  • Stops us from becoming constipated

Vitamins and minerals- needed to maintain health

  • Vitamin A- Found in liver, helps bones and teeth- oesteoparosis if lacked, dry skin, low energy
  • Vitamin B- found in wholegrain, eggs, pork,liver,- helps nerve production
  • Vitamin C- Found in citrus fruits, tomatoes, green veg- helps skin healing, holds growth back, helps immune system


  • CALCIUM found in dairy products, egg yolk, green leafy veg
  • IRON- red meats, liver, beans, fruits, nuts, combined in most foods- helps cell respiration lack of can cause enemia
  • ZINC- Meats, production of enzymes can lead to dermititus.
  • COPPER- fish, liver, eggs, spinach help componants of Iron
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Long term and short term psychological problems ca

High Blood pressure-

  • increase in heart beat or cholestrol- Damges blood vessels can burst in the brain and Kidneys.
  • 25% of harmful cholestrol-- from foods
  • 75% of harmful cholestrol--stress hormones

Low immune system

  • Short term- likely to pick up viruses easier
  • Long term- reduced ability to fight a disease such as cancer

Digestive system problems

  • Short term- Constipated, diarreah
  • Long term-IBS

Short term problems:

  • Headaches
  • anxiety
  • skin rashes
  • Over/under eating
  • Forgetfulness
  • Aggression/frustration
  • Increased use of smoking/alchol
  • Mild depression

Long term problems:

  • Strokes
  • Diabetes
  • Ulcers (stomach)
  • Heart disease
  • Suicudal behaviour
  • Domestic violence
  • Achoholism
  • Serious depression
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Preventing an illness

Health Monitoring

  • Peak flow- ASTMA
  • Blood test- diabetes- blood sugar
  • Urine test-Bladder infection
  • BMI- obese/underweight
  • Body temp- not 37 degrees- problems in immune system
  • BP and pulse rate- heart disease


  • Smear test- cervical cancer
  • Mammogram-breast cancer
  • Heal ***** test- brain damage in babies


  • helps the immune system
  • Prevents someone from becoming ill with a certain disease
  • Boosters are often needed
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Body mass index is a measurement that is took, that takes into account both height and weight. This will indicate whether a person in normal/over/under weight



20-25- IDEAL



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genetically inhereted diseases

This is when a parents genes are passed on to their child, in their chromosomes.

  • eye colour
  • Hair colour
  • skin colour
  • height
  • weight
  • colourblind?
  • breast cancer
  • heart disease
  • anxiety


  • Not socially aware
  • Chromosone disorder, one extra chromosone number 21, so instead of 2 they get 3 on this number
  • It can be recognised in the early stages of preganancy


  • Body fails to produce enzymes in the digestive system
  • Babies are tested for this by a blood sample taken from the heel of the foot

Huntingtons disease

  • causes death of nerve cells to the brain
  • Inherited


  • Blood disorder- blood does not clot as easily, this could cause death
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  • Housing-Homelessness-Afford repairs
  • Food-Lack of food- Fresh food costs more
  • Bills-Heating-water-gas
  • Clothing-weather wear- keep warm/dry
  • Transport-School- work
  • Leisure activities- PE- PIES

Absolute poverty

  • Lack of food
  • Poor housing
  • Lack of clothing

Relative poverty

  • Poor in relation to others
  • not being able to afford things such as phone, laptop, car etc


A preganant woman cannot afford the nurticians she may need this may lead to premature labour, lower birth weight.

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why poverty causes ill health


  • Unable to buy fresh food-
  • malnutrition
  • Obesity- high cholestrol
  • Lack of protein and vitamins
  • Saturated fats


  • Damp-colds flu's, imapct on immune system
  • Hot water-Hygeine
  • Nhs- other countries have to pay


  • Poorer people tend to engage in smoking and drinking

Lack of education

  • obstacle to access health and social services


  • catch 22 situation
  • effects ill health if unemployed
  • less likely to get a job when ill
  • effects mental health
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If we dont exercise problems can occur:

  • Cardio vascular
  • Obesity
  • Osteoparosis- calcium deficiancy

Exercise improves:

  • Ciruculations
  • heart work more efficinently
  • Strength in muscles
  • Stamina
  • Mobility
  • Immunity
  • Confidence
  • Relieve stress
  • General feeling of well being
  • Good way to socialise

Aerobic exercise

  • Walking jogging and swimming
  • Heart and breathing rates increase
  • Increase heart rate by 70% of its max- 220beatspm minus the persons age.
  • Exercising above the safe rate can be dangerous.
  • Injur bones, muscles, tendons etc

Anerobic exercise- Building muscle

  • Weightlifting is an example.
  • Doesnt benefit the heart or lungs

Circulation- blood carries red blood cells and white blood cells

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Illegal Drugs

  • Cannabis
  • LSD
  • Heroin
  • Ecstacy
  • Cocaine
  • Crack
  • Amphetamines
  • Solvents

Depressant- A drug that slows down bodily function

Hallucinegeon- seeing things that are not really there

Stimulant- this increases a persons awareness

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Former Member


thank you, this was helpful. :) my exam is tomorrow morning, and the only thing im stuck on is drugs and their effect on health.

is it just that drugs can lead to addiction and basic stuff like that?

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