1.5 The work of military theorists and its impact on the conduct of war


Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars

  • ideas of Enlightenment theorists such as Du Teil and Gribeauval put into practice
  • Gribeauval: lighter artillery with standardised parts - Valmy
  • Du Teil: light, mobile artillery against infantry - Toulon
  • Saxe: flexible and fast-moving forces made up of column formations - Jena
  • De Bourcet: division of armies when advancing to battle and then concentration at the battle itself - Austerlitz
  • Jomini: stressed the role of the commander in deciding the theatre of war - Wellington at Waterloo
  • Napoleonic warfare was studied by military theorists and commanders for years to come

Wars of the mid-nineteenth century onwards

  • increasing size of armies and growing nationalism = Clausewitz more compelling than Jomini


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