cognitive and Behavioral explanations of Depression and Treatments

  • Created by: zenab022
  • Created on: 28-04-17 11:36


In this revision guide I will be describing and evaluating the cognitive and behavioral explanations of depression, also describing and evaluating the different treatments available to ease the symtomps of this disorder.

Definition of depression:

Depression is a disease that affects our mind but in most cases arises out of a set of external events and also maintains itself by means of specific patterns of behaviour that give it a place in the mind, space of our life.

Cognitive explanations of depression:

The immediate precursor of the cognitive therapies of depression is Albert Ellis, creator of the "rational-emotive therapy" of which he had stated the principles in 1956. According to this author, neuroses are unhappy because they have erroneous beliefs.

Aaron T. Beck (1976), who seems to have worked independently of Ellis, applied a similar formula to depression: the depressed persons are not pessimistic because they are sad, they are sad because they are pessimistic. Such an assertion goes against the prevailing view, since depression is most commonly understood as an affective phenomenon, with pessimistic ideas and despair being seen as consequences of depression of mood.

In Beck's perspective, systematic errors of judgment resulting from a systematically pessimistic intellectual orientation play a decisive role in the production and in the daily reproduction of depressive mood. Therefore, adherence to particular beliefs that would otherwise be the ultimate cause of depression, in any case a factor of maintaining depressive affects.

Beck enunciates his theory in a language borrowed from Piaget: fundamental cognitive schemas impose on the thought (for example) "I do not deserve to be loved".

These schemas form judgments of perception and value judgments according to the cognitive process of forced assimilation of the reel, whatever it may be,


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