Different Types of Broadband Access


ADSL – Asymmetric digital subscriber line

What they are used for…

>> A type of digital subscriber line (DSL).

>> Data communications tech that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines.

>> Uses most of the channel to transmit downstream to the user and only a small part to receive information from the user.

>> Used for internet access, calls, faxing, phone calls.


>> Faster than a conventional voice band modem can provide.

>> Well-suited for gaming, CAD, downloading large files and also for streaming multi-media.

>> Can be used for internet access at the same time as voice calls.

>> Uses the existing infrastructure so little set up costs.

>> Bigger capacity for downloads.


>> It is not available everywhere and must be connected to a phone line.

>> It offers different speeds at different times of the day due to usage of others in the area.

>> Faster to receive downloads than to upload data or files.

>> When the distance from the telephone exchange is further, the signal strength is the weaker.


What they are used for…

>> Cable internet relies upon the coaxial cable to provide pay TV – done by two conductors being parted by an insulator.

>> Cable internet uses the existing lines for your cable TV to provide service, all over one cable and through a provider.

>> Means users can browse the web and watch TV at the same time.


>> Speeds vary from provider to provider, and are generally faster than speeds available over ADSL.

>> Cost-effective way to get a high-speed internet connection.

>> The signal doesn’t deteriorate over long distances.

>> Operates without a phone line, so you always have a connection.


>> Coax or fibre optic cable needs to be laid in that area.

>> Shared bandwidth in same area so performance can weaken when many users are online.

>> May require connection fees from the provider as new cable may have to be laid in that area, can be costly.


What they are used for…

>> Access points (like pylons) broadcast a wireless signal that devices can detect and "tune" into, accessing the wireless broadband – but must have access from the provider, such as paid contracts.

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What about 5G? It is supposed to be much faster than 4G. Under ideal conditions, 5G download rates can exceed 10 gigabits per second. That's up to 100 times quicker than 4G, but it still doesn't work everywhere.



It's true. 5G is faster, but unfortunately, even 4G is not available everywhere, especially for people who live in rural areas.