Language and Occupation- Pragmatics, Grammar, Discourse


Language and Occupation- Pragmatics, Grammar, Discourse

Pragmatics outcomes:

  • Become familiar with the work of John Swales and his definition of discourse community
  • Recognise the characteristics of members of a discourse community applying Swales's theories
  • Recognise asymmetry in occupational relationships
  • Become familiar with the research of Drew and Heritage on asymmetry and language use
  • Apply the theories of Drew and Herriage to occupational interactions
  • Analyse the role of phatic speech in occupational language applying the theories of Koester

Grammar outcomes:

  • Apply sentence function analysis to occupational interactions

Discourse outcomes:

  • Apply discourse structure analysis to occupational interactions

Discourse community

In hs 2011 The concept of Discourse community, John Swales defines a discourse community as having members who:

  • (E.G. McDonalds restaurant)
  • Have a set of common goals- selling the food
  • Communicate using a least one means or "genre" of communication- Soken
  • Use specific lexis- Menu, order ad boxes
  • Have a required level of knowledge and expertise to participate in the community- They had to be staff at McDonals who have some experience


  • In many cases, occupational language is used within asymmetrical relationships
  • Asymmetrical relations are those that exist within hierarchy of power
  • Increased power can be a result of job role and/or knowledge
  • Interactions in asymmetrical relations may take account of shared understanding of…


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