Natural Moral Law



Natural Moral Law is an absolutist, deontological, religious theory of ethics that is the official moral theory of the Roman Catholic Church. It can be traced back to Ancient Greece, where Cicero, a Stoic, created a theory archetypal to that of St. Thomas Aquinas, stating "true law is right reason in accordance with nature." Cicero's theory entails identifying what is natural and applying reason to arrive at laws; this can be made universal as all humans have the same nature as each other.

Aristotle's natural moral law was proposed in 'Nichomachean Ethics' where he postulated the notion of four causes; material, formal, efficient and final. His theory focuses on efficient and final causes. Aristotle believed that a human's efficient and cause was paradise with God, a fundamental purpose of humans. Following this leads to a focus on character to achieve the final cause; paradise with God.

Aquinas was less concerned


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