Reform Stability and Stagnation. 1953-1985


 Reform Stability and Stagnation 1953-85


  • Beria executed in 1953 by Khrushchev
  • 1953-1956 Khrushchev replaced half of the regional part secretaries and 44% of the Central Comitee
  • Secret speech in 1954, profound critique of Stalin, outlining his crimes and lack of respect to party
  • Expansion of party membership, grew from 6.9 million in 1954 to 11 million in 1964
  • Introduced fixed terms for senior communists, as a result two thirds of regional secretaries and Presidium were replaced 1957-1961


  • Devolved power to republican governments in 1954, weakened state and attacked Malenkov 
  • 1954 cut number  of Soviet ministries from 55 to 25, only 44% of soviet


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