Weaknesses of Interactionist Theory


1) Too readily dismiss official statistics on crime. Realists accept that official statistics have imperfections and are subject to bias. However, they argue that they show the basic reality of crime and can be useful for generating explanations of crime and deviance. This suggests that the interactionists response to official statistic is not adequate.

2) Theory has been questioned on empirical grounds. Hirschi (1975) argues that it is debatable whether labelling by the criminal justice system leads to a career of deviance. He feels that other factors such as age are seen to be more important. This suggests that the validity of interactionist ideas have to be questioned.

3) Theories have been criticised on a theoretical level. While Marxists accept


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