The Weimar Republic, 1918-29

  • Created by: rosiel05
  • Created on: 22-04-22 22:07

The Weimar Republic, 1918-29

9th November 1918 - Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates

10th November 1918 - Kaiser flees to Holland

11th November 1918 - The armistice was signed

Dolchstoss - 'stab in the back' theory

November Criminals - leaders of the republic which signed the Treaty of Versailles

Weimar Constitution


  • Consisted of all men and women of 21 years old and over


  • Made up of two houses; the Reichstag and the Reichsrat
  • Normally, all laws had to pass through both houses
  • Proportional representation


  • More powerful of the two houses
  • Controlled taxation
  • Directly elected by the people at least once every four years


  • Also elected every four years
  • Represented the regions of Germany
  • Each region sent a certain number of representatives depending on its size


  • Head of the government
  • Chose all goverment ministers


  • Main decision making body of the government


  • Head of the Weimar Republic 
  • Elected by the people every seven years
  • Had some important political powers, like choosing the chancellor
  • Could suspend the constitution and pass laws by decree (Article 48)


  • Proportional representation made sure small pasties has a fair share of seats
  • Women were also able to vote
  • Voting age reduced to 21
  • No one group could have too much power
  • New president every seven years


  • Proportional representation led to coalition governments that were unstable
  • Lack of strong government led to weakness in crisis
  • Wasn't was people wanted so they were unpopular


  • Spartacists Revolt, 1919
    • Led by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht
    • Left Wing
    • Put down by the Freikorps
  • Kapp Putsch, 1920
    • Led by Dr Wolfgang Kapp
    • Right Wing
    • Freikorps were unable to stop this

Hyperinflation crisis, 1923

  • Due to the government printing too much money
  • Value of the money became worthless
  • Price of goods spectacularly increased


  • People couldn't afford essentials
  • Wages rose, but not as quickly as prices
  • Businesses went bankrupt
  • Pensioners suffered the most
  • Savings became worthless
  • People blamed the Weimar government


  • Farmers benefitted the most as they were paid more for food
  • Some people and businesses could pay


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