Crime and Deviance

Sociology Unit 6 : Crime and Deviance

AQA

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Who argued that the basis of society was a set shared of values that guide our actions?
Durkheim
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What is the term used to describe a set of shared values that guide our actions?
Collective Conscience
2 of 32
What is the term used to describe a period of social change or stress, in which the collective conscience may be weakened?
Anomie
3 of 32
Who argued that over the previous 30 years, there has been an increase in what he termed 'the underclass'
Charles Murray
4 of 32
Amitai Etzioni developed a theoretical and political argument known as
Communitarianism
5 of 32
Putnam [2000] developed the concept of ______ ______ to explain how communities can prevent or facilitate crime
Social Capital
6 of 32
What is the term used to explain 'the forms of social control preventing people acting in a deviant way'
Social Bond
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What is the term used to refer to the explanation of criminal behaviour that argue that crime is a result of certain groups of people, being placed in a position where they are unable to conform to the values and beliefs of society?
Strain
8 of 32
Who argued that crime and deviance were evidence of a poor fit between the socially accepted goals of society and the socially approved means of obtaining tose desired goals?
Robert Merton
9 of 32
Cloward and Ohlin argued that the illegal opportunity structure had three possible adaptations or subcultures: Criminal, Confilt and ...?
Retreatist
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Who argued that offending behaviour was not economically motivated, but simply done for the thrill of the act?
Albert Cohen
11 of 32
What is the term used to describe where young men feel they are looked down upon by society?
Status Frustration
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What is the term used to describe laws that are essentially for the benefit of the ruling class, and reflect their interests.
The basis of criminal law
13 of 32
What term is used to describe a distinctive set of values that proivdes an alternative to those of the mainstream culture
Subculture
14 of 32
Who argues that social control operates for the benefit of the ruling class
Marxists
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Who argued that resistance is expressed through working class youth subcultures. The clothes they wear and the language they use show their dislike of capitalism and their awareness of their position in it.
Brake
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The single largest group offering this resistance to capitalism is
working class youths
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This resistance is best seen as...
Magical
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Who quoted : “Deviancy is not a quality of the act a person commits but rather a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an ‘offender’. Deviant behaviour is behaviour that people so label.”
Howard Becker
19 of 32
Becker used the term ______ ______ to describe this process and points out that once a label has successfully been applied to a person than all other qualities become unimportant and they are responded to solely in terms of this.
Master Status
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This concept refers to the processes involved in labelling and then whether or not a person takes on the self-image of the ‘deviant’.
Deviant Career
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Becker as well as other sociologists use term _____ ______ to describe the movements/actions taken to pass laws.
Moral Crusade
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Who argued that victims are influenced by (racial) stereotypes and 'culturally determined expectations' as to who commits crime
Bowling and Phillips
23 of 32
Lord Macpherson argued that the police have 'procedures, practices and a culture that tend to exclude or to disadvantage non-white people’ which is also known as
Institutional Racism
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What is the term used to describe a personal map of a town based on an individual's daily activities?
Cognitive Maps
25 of 32
Who aregued that crimes are more likely to occur where day-to-day activites of victims and offenders are likely to coincide, and where there is little in the way of formal or informal control to prevent an offence taking place?
Cohel and Felson
26 of 32
What term is used to describe the normal activities of daily life which provde the cognitive maps and opportunites for crime (Cohen and Felson)?
Routine activities
27 of 32
Who suggested that social control breaks down when there is a combination of physical deterioration in local buildings and parks?
W.G. Skogan
28 of 32
What term did Shaw and McKay (1942) use to refer to a distinct set of values that provided an alternative to those of the mainstream society?
Social Disorganization
29 of 32
Who introduced the concept of Differential Association?
Sutherland and Cressey
30 of 32
what term is used to describe the theory that deviant behaviour is learned from, and jsutifed by, family and friends?
Differential Association
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According to Brantinghams, offenders are most likely to commit offences where opportunites link with ______ ______ areas, and conversely that places that are less _____ ______ are less likely to be burgled.
Cognitvely Known
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the term used to describe a set of shared values that guide our actions?

Back

Collective Conscience

Card 3

Front

What is the term used to describe a period of social change or stress, in which the collective conscience may be weakened?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who argued that over the previous 30 years, there has been an increase in what he termed 'the underclass'

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Amitai Etzioni developed a theoretical and political argument known as

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

paul taylor

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It would help if the quiz showed the right answers. Also a lot of spelling mistakes!

Maria

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An OK quiz, but you should specify what exam board this is for in the title - Not all the exam boards cover the same studies.

A.A

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this is a really good revision tool but you should specify what exam board this is for.

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