Ethics Key Terms

  • Created by: Elena
  • Created on: 10-08-20 12:52
Behaving selflessly and valuing the welfare of others.
1 of 51
Behavioural Ethics
Studies why and how people make the choices that they do.
2 of 51
Bounded Ethicality
People are limited in their ability to make ethical choices.
3 of 51
Conflict of Interest
Arises when our interest conflicts with another's to whom we owe a duty.
4 of 51
Conformity Bias
People's tendencies to take their behavioural cues from those around them.
5 of 51
Ethical theory that judges an action's moral correctness by its consequences.
6 of 51
Corporate social responsibility
Going beyond minimum requirements to protect the environment and benefit society.
7 of 51
Dishonest conduct for personal gain by people in power.
8 of 51
Ethical theory that uses rules to discern the moral course of action.
9 of 51
Diffusion of Responsibility
Occurs when people fail to take action because they assume that since others nearby are not acting, action is not responsible.
10 of 51
Ethical Fading
Occurs when people focus on some other aspect of a decision so that the ethical dimensions of the choice fade from view.
11 of 51
Refers to both moral principles and to the study of people's moral obligations in society.
12 of 51
Fiduciary Duty
Legal obligation to act in the best interest of another rather than one's self.
13 of 51
Describes how people's responses to ethical (and other) issues are affected by the frame of references through which they view the issues.
14 of 51
Fundamental Attribution Error
The tendency people have to attribute others' actions to their character, ignoring the impact that situational factor might have on that behaviour.
15 of 51
Occurs when people's desire to maintain group loyalty trumps all other factors, including abiding by their personal code of ethics.
16 of 51
Form of consequentialism that approves of actions that produce pleasure and avoid pain.
17 of 51
This phenomenon describes the fact that we tend to judge and treat people who are like us more favourably than people who are different from us.
18 of 51
Slippery slope whereby people's actions evolve from small, technical violations to larger, more significant wrongs.
19 of 51
Indispensable moral virtue that includes acting with honesty, fairness, and decency.
20 of 51
Complicated concept that at its core requires fairness.
21 of 51
Loss Aversion
Tendency people have to dislike losses more than they enjoys gains, which can lead people to lie in order to avoid the consequences of innocent (or other) mistakes.
22 of 51
Moral Absolutism
Form of deontology that asserts that certain actions are intrinsically right or wrong.
23 of 51
Moral Agent
Person who can be held accountable for their actions because they have the ability to tell right from wrong.
24 of 51
Moral Cognition
Study by psychologists, neurologists, and others or how people make moral judgments and choices.
25 of 51
Moral Emotions
Feelings and intuitions that play a major role in most of the ethical judgments and decisions people make.
26 of 51
Moral Equilibrium
We compare our self-image with our conduct and adjust our actions accordingly.
27 of 51
Moral Imagination
Creatively imagining the full range of options while making moral decisions.
28 of 51
Moral Muteness
Remaining silent when observing immoral behaviour.
29 of 51
Moral Myopia
Difficulty in clearly seeing ethical issues and challenges.
30 of 51
Moral Philosophy
Studies what is right and wrong, and related philosophical issues.
31 of 51
Moral Pluralism
Notion that various conflicting values may be equally valid and worthy of respect.
32 of 51
Moral Psychology
Encompasses both the philosophical and psychological study of the developmental of the moral sense and related matters.
33 of 51
Moral Reasoning
Branch of philosophy that attempts to answer questions with moral dimensions.
34 of 51
Moral Relativism
Asserts that moral standards are culturally-defined and therefore it may be impossible to determine what it truly right or wrong.
35 of 51
Society's accepted principles of right conduct that enable people to live cooperatively.
36 of 51
Uses tools of neuroscience to examine how we make ethical choices; investigation of the ethics of neuroscience.
37 of 51
Obedience to Authority
The tendency people have to try to comply with superiors' wishes, even when to do so conflicts with their own moral judgment.
38 of 51
Overconfidence Bias
Tendency people have to be more confident in their own abilities, including making moral judgments, than objective facts would justify.
39 of 51
Prosocial Behaviour
Occurs when people voluntarily help others.
40 of 51
Excuses people give themselves for failing to live up to their own ethical standards.
41 of 51
Role Morality
Describes how people sometimes apply different ethical standards depending on what role they seem themselves playing.
42 of 51
Self-Serving Bias
Tendency people have to process information in ways that advance their self-interest or support their pre-existing views.
43 of 51
Social Contract Theory
The idea that society exists because of an implicitly agreed-to set of standards that provide moral and political rules of behaviour.
44 of 51
Subject of Moral Worth
Any person or entity that deserves people's moral consideration .
45 of 51
Living to meet the needs of the present generation without depleting the resources that future generations will need to meet their needs.
46 of 51
Tangible and Abstract
Describes how people may make moral errors by focusing too much on immediate factors that are close in time and geography.
47 of 51
Ethical theory that asserts that right and wrong are best determined by focusing on outcomes of actions and choices.
48 of 51
Society's shared beliefs about what is good or bad and how people should act.
49 of 51
Veil of Ignorance
Device for helping people more fairly envision a fair society by pretending that they are ignorant of their personal circumstances.
50 of 51
Virtue Ethics
Normative philosophical approach that urges people to live a moral life by cultivating virtuous habits.
51 of 51

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Studies why and how people make the choices that they do.


Behavioural Ethics

Card 3


People are limited in their ability to make ethical choices.


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Arises when our interest conflicts with another's to whom we owe a duty.


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


People's tendencies to take their behavioural cues from those around them.


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Ethics resources »