Flash Cards - Key Terms

  • Created by: cathwxx
  • Created on: 17-03-17 00:09
normal / expected behaviour
1 of 75
ideas about what behaviour is right / wrong
2 of 75
shared beliefs on how to act
3 of 75
person who breaks norms and values
4 of 75
Formal Sanction
punishment for breaking the law
5 of 75
Informal Sanction
punishment for breaking an informal rule
6 of 75
something that marks a person out as different to others
7 of 75
study of different cultures
8 of 75
the idea that we act as we do because we was born that way
9 of 75
the idea that we act as we do because of the way we was brought up
10 of 75
Sub culture
small group in society with different beliefs and norms from others
11 of 75
Research methods
methods used to look and observe society
12 of 75
controlling someone or something to your own advantage, often unfairly
13 of 75
management through specified channels of communication
14 of 75
refers to membership of cultural group
15 of 75
legal citizenship of country with right to have passport
16 of 75
when people have to learn new set of rules
17 of 75
Eating Disorder
people making themselves ill through under / over eating
18 of 75
way certain groups are portrayed in the media
19 of 75
Code of Conduct
formal set of rules for how to behave in a certain situation
20 of 75
Cultural Identity
sense of who you are and the culture you belong to
21 of 75
Feral child
wild / unsocialised child
22 of 75
Labelling theory
people are given a label by other people and then treated as though it was true
23 of 75
Primary socialisation
Primary socialisation is the period of a person's life in which they initially learn and build their selves through experiences and interactions around them when they are young. This process starts at home (family)
24 of 75
Secondary socialisation
Secondary socialisation refers to the process of learning what is the appropriate behavior as a member of a smaller group within the larger society. This happens outside of the home (school etc)
25 of 75
male / female
26 of 75
the way you behave (masculine / feminine)
27 of 75
Formal socialisation
the attempt to change someone to fit into a new situation
28 of 75
Informal socialisation
accidental socialisation
29 of 75
way of life that is shared by a group of people
30 of 75
Cultural Diversity
different ideas and norms
31 of 75
study of society
32 of 75
Cultural Relativity
one norm may seem strange to another
33 of 75
Cultural Universals
found in all cultures
34 of 75
having more than one
35 of 75
reward / punishment
36 of 75
category into which we put other people according to simple characteristics
37 of 75
Role Models
a person looked up to by others as an example to be imitated
38 of 75
Peer group
group of people of similar age and culture
39 of 75
Peer pressure
when people feel the need to fit in with others like themselves
40 of 75
observing social life as it happens in its natural setting
41 of 75
should be able to be repeated and similar results gained
42 of 75
concerned with whether research has uncovered the truth about social life
43 of 75
Primary data
research information that sociologists collect themselves
44 of 75
Secondary data
information thats been put together by other people
45 of 75
Qualitative data
rich and lots of detail (qual - quality)
46 of 75
Quantitative data
statistics etc. (quan - n = numbers)
47 of 75
Pilot study
trial run before real thing
48 of 75
way of finding out about target population by studying a small manageable number of group
49 of 75
for samples to be fair they should represent whole population
50 of 75
Random sample
choosing at random (eg out of hat)
51 of 75
Quota sample
when researcher makes sure to ask certain number of different sorts of people
52 of 75
questions on paper/online
53 of 75
Unstructured interview
doesn't have pre planned questions
54 of 75
Structured interview
pre planned questions
55 of 75
Overt observation
if observer tells them its happening
56 of 75
Covert observation
completely kept secret
57 of 75
Domestic duties
58 of 75
Informal education
learning new skills from others around you
59 of 75
Formal education
training in school or college from someone who deliberately teaches things that are needed for adult life
60 of 75
National curriculum
subjects that must be taught in most state schools by law
61 of 75
a ruling or influential class of educated or able people
62 of 75
Working class
people who have not been to higher education and who would take jobs with practical skills
63 of 75
things that are concerned with money in particular
64 of 75
not having things that others may have, lacking things or being poor
65 of 75
Crisis of masculinity
males are no longer certain what it is to be a man
66 of 75
lacking money for essentials in life
67 of 75
Cultural deprivation
idea that some cultures aren't as good as others
68 of 75
Hidden curriculum
messages that are passed on to children unintentionally
69 of 75
Material deprivation
people lacking the things that others have in society
70 of 75
young people who are not in education, training or employment
71 of 75
Further education
education after school for work and a career
72 of 75
Higher education
73 of 75
qualification which is gained through university
74 of 75
Immediate gratification
having pleasure in the present rather than putting it off (spending money asap instead of saving)
75 of 75

Other cards in this set

Card 2


ideas about what behaviour is right / wrong



Card 3


shared beliefs on how to act


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


person who breaks norms and values


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


punishment for breaking the law


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Culture and socialisation resources »